What is Particle Board?

types of particle board

Particle board, also known as chipboard or bagasse board, is an engineered wood product made from wood chips, sawmill shavings, or sawdust, bonded together with a synthetic resin or other suitable binder, which is then pressed and extruded. Particle board has a uniform structure and good machining properties, making it an ideal raw material for creating large panels and various specifications of panel furniture.

Advantages of Particle Board:

  • Lower production costs compared to solid wood, making it more affordable.
  • The particle structure allows for easy cutting, drilling, and sanding, making it ideal for mass furniture production.
  • Due to its granular structure, particle board has good sound absorption and insulation properties, making it suitable for noise reduction environments.
  • The cross-layered granular structure ensures consistent performance in all directions, providing excellent lateral load-bearing capacity.
  • The smooth surface is perfect for laminating and other surface treatments, allowing for the creation of various furniture styles according to design needs.
  • Particle board effectively utilizes wood by-products like offcuts and sawdust, maximizing wood resources and reducing waste.

Disadvantages of Particle Board:

  • The edges are relatively rough, and the nail-holding capacity is weak, making it unsuitable for repeated assembly and disassembly.
  • It is prone to swelling and deformation when exposed to moisture, requiring special care in humid environments.
  • When cutting particle board, it is prone to chipping, requiring high-quality processing equipment and making on-site fabrication impractical.
  • It is relatively heavy and has lower strength, not suitable for large or mechanically demanding furniture.
  • The structural characteristics of particle board make it unsuitable for milling or carving.
  • If low-quality adhesives are used, there can be formaldehyde emissions, which may affect indoor air quality and user health.

types of particle board

Particle Board Uses:

Chipboard is widely used in furniture making, the construction industry, and the production of train and automobile carriages. In furniture manufacturing, particle board is one of the main materials for panel furniture. It can be used to make the following types of furniture:

  • Cabinets and wardrobes
  • Bookshelves and cabinets
  • Desks and computer tables
  • Bed frames and bedside tables
  • Built-in furniture
  • Dining tables and coffee tables
  • Chair and sofa frames
  • Indoor partitions and storage cabinets
  • Door panels
  • Custom furniture

Particle board is a type of board made from wood fibers or agricultural crop fibers. Due to its poor bending and tensile strength, it is more suitable for built-in closets and display cabinets rather than large wardrobes.

When using particle board for furniture making, it is important to apply proper edge banding to prevent moisture absorption and enhance durability. Additionally, choosing particle board with high environmental standards ensures good indoor air quality.

custom furniture


Based on the advantages and disadvantages of particle board, the following points should be noted when using it:

  1. Properly finish the surface of the particle board. Particle board with formaldehyde emissions not exceeding 5 mg per liter must be finished before being used indoors.
  2. When using particle board as furniture material, ensure thorough edge banding. Due to its poor bending and tensile strength, it is more suitable for built-in closets and display cabinets rather than large wardrobes.
  3. Use different types of particle board products according to their intended use. While particle board was traditionally used in construction, it is now increasingly used in decoration and furniture making. The price of different products can vary significantly, so it is important to choose the right type of particle board. This not only meets performance requirements but also helps reduce costs.
  4. Test and purify the indoor air for formaldehyde after renovation. Do not rush to move into newly renovated spaces. It is best to have the air tested by relevant authorities and follow expert advice on the appropriate time to move in.

best cnc router bit for laminate

How To Cut Particle Board:

Recommended Router Bits for Particle Board Cutting

T011 TCT Router Bits: These bits are made from high-quality carbide.

  • Compression flutes: features middle chip ejection, which prevents damage to both the top and bottom veneers, ensuring a clean edge with good edge banding effects.
  • Horizontal teeth on the compression flutes: break the wood chips into smaller pieces for easier removal. This design can improve heat dissipation and prevents the router bit from burning due to chip buildup.

best router bits for chip board

F Series Diamond Cutters: If your budget allows, PCD (polycrystalline diamond) cutters are the best choice. They offer a long service life, reducing the frequency of tool change and significantly increasing production efficiency.

PCD diamond tipped router bit

PCD saw blade: circular saw blades are used on beam saw machine for wood panel cutting. PCD tipped saw blades is best saw blade for laminated particle board.

woodworking saw blade

Please note that the structural characteristics of particle board make it unsuitable for CNC carving. So you can not router chipboard.

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